Blood tests

Blood and urine or other body fluid tests are a laboratory test performed on blood that has previously been isolated from a vein in the forearm using a needle. It aims to measure substances and biochemical factors, in order to diagnose diseases.

  • General blood test
  • Vitamin B12 serum levels
  • Ferritin (Fer)
  • Folic Acid serum levels
  • Coobs sero reaction
  • Hemoglobin electrophoresis
  • Serum Iron (Fe +++)
  • Red Sedimentation Rate (TCR)
  • Flow-Freezing Time (Lee-White)
  • Prothrombin Time (Quick)

Biochemical tests

Sodium, Potassium, Chlorine, Bicarbonate, Blood Urea, Magnesium, Creatinine and Blood Glucose can be measured with basic blood tests. Calcium is sometimes included.

Some blood tests, such as those to measure Glucose or Cholesterol, require a fast of eight to twelve hours before taking blood.

In most blood tests, the blood is isolated from the patient’s vein. However, other more specific tests, such as measuring arterial blood gas, require blood of arterial origin. The analysis of arterial blood gases is used to control blood levels of Carbon Dioxide and Oxygen, which are related to pulmonary function, but also to measure the pH of the blood.

  • Aldolase (Αldolase, ADL)
  • Serum Albumin (ALB)
  • Aspartic Aminotransferase (AST, SGOT)
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT, SGPT)
  • Amylase (AMS): Elevated values ​​indicate Pancreatitis
  • Lactic Dehydrogenase LDH + Isoenzymes
  • Gamma Glutamyl Transpeptidase γ-GT, or GGT
  • Blood glucose (GLU)
  • Glycosylated Hemoglobin (FT USA <7, FT EU <6.2)
  • Glucose tolerance test
  • Creatine Kinase (CK)
  • Creatine Phosphokinase (CPK)
  • Meat Phosphokinase MB
  • Blood Creatinine (CRE)
  • Serum Lipase (LPS)
  • Total Iron Binding Capacity (TIBC)
  • Blood urea (URE)
  • Serum Uric Acid (URCA)
  • Serum Triglycerides (TRI)
  • Whey Ferritin (FER)
  • Acid Total Phosphatase (ACP)
  • Serum Acid Prostate Phosphatase
  • Total Serum Bilirubin (TBL)
  • Instant Serum Bilirubin (DBL)
  • Indirect Serum Bilirubin (IBL)
  • Serum Cholinesterase
  • Serum Cholesterol (Cholesterol)
  • LDL cholesterol
  • HDL cholesterol